Common symptoms include diarrhoea (frequent loose bowel motions), blood or mucous in the stool, and abdominal pain or discomfort. Other symptoms can include unintentional weight loss, mouth ulcers, joint pains and rash. Diagnosis of these conditions will generally require a colonoscopy, and in some instances endoscopy and either CT or MRI scan.
IBD is a treatable condition with the use of medications. The goal of therapy is to settle down symptoms, but equally important is complete resolution of inflammation based upon tests. Control of inflammation significantly reduces the risk of developing complications of IBD that can include the need for steroids, hospitalization, need for surgery and even bowel cancer.